Palm oil mill effluent treatment using coconut shell - Based activated carbon: Adsorption equilibrium and isotherm

Sherlynna Parveen, Deshon Kaman and Tan, I. A. W. and Lik, Leonard Pueh Lim (2016) Palm oil mill effluent treatment using coconut shell - Based activated carbon: Adsorption equilibrium and isotherm. MATEC Web of Conferences, 87. ISSN 2261236X

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Abstract

The current ponding system applied for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment often struggle to comply with the POME discharge limit, thus it has become a major environmental concern. Batch adsorption study was conducted for reducing the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS) and Color of pre-treated POME using coconut shell-based activated carbon (CS-AC). The CS-AC showed BET surface area of 744.118 m2/g, with pore volume of 04359cm3/g. The adsorption uptake was studied at various contact time and POME initial concentration. The CS-AC exhibited good ability with average percentage removal of 70% for COD, TSS and Color. The adsorption uptake increased over time and attained equilibrium in 30 hours. The equilibrium data were analyzed using the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. Based on the coefficient regression and sum of squared errors, the Langmuir isotherm described the adsorption of COD satisfactorily, while best described the TSS and Color adsorption; giving the highest adsorption capacity of 10.215 mg/g, 1.435 mg/g, and 63.291 PtCo/g respectively. The CS-AC was shown to be a promising adsorbent for treating POME and was able to comply with the Environmental Quality Act (EQA) discharge limit. The outcome of treated effluent using CS-AC was shown to be cleaner than the industrial biologically treated effluent, achieved within shorter treatment time

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon; Adsorption; Adsorption isotherms; Chemical oxygen demand; Color; Dyes; Effluents; Isotherms; Oil shale; Palm oil Adsorption capacities; Adsorption equilibria; Environmental concerns; Environmental quality acts; Initial concentration; Palm oil mill effluents; Sum of squared errors; Total suspended solids, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2017 08:05
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 01:58
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15174

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