Gender and Racial Differences in the Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Overweight and Obese Rural Adults, Kuching and Samarahan Division, Sarawak, Malaysia

Whye, Lian Cheah and Ching, Thon Chang and Helmy, Hazmi and Wan Manan, Wan Muda (2016) Gender and Racial Differences in the Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Overweight and Obese Rural Adults, Kuching and Samarahan Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2016. ISSN 2090-0732

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether gender and ethnic differences had an effect on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese rural adults in Sarawak. Design and Setting.This was a cross-sectional study conducted in rural communities in Kuching and Samarahan division,Malaysia. Data was obtained using a set of questionnaire (sociodemographic data and physical activity), measurement of blood pressure, height, weight (body mass index, BMI), body fat percentage, fasting blood sugar, and lipid profile from three ethnic groups—Iban, Malay, and Bidayuh. Analysis of data was done using SPSS version 23.0. Results. A total of 155 respondents participated in the study (81.6% response rate). The levels of physical activity, BMI status, body fat, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperglycemiawere similar across the three ethnic groups and both females andmales. Iban and Bidayuh had significant higher Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) when compared to theMalay (BidayuhOR = 0.30, 95%CI 0.12, 0.78; Iban OR = 0.29, 95% CI 0.12, 0.69). Conclusions. The relationship between cardiovascular risk factors varied according to ethnic groups and gender. A better understanding of these differences would help in the design and implementation of intervention programme for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Overweight, Obese, Public Health, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2016 02:42
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 00:32
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/14296

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