Natural Resources and Indigenous People’s Livelihood Strategies: A Case Study of Human Communities in the Headwaters of Engkari River, Sri Aman, Sarawak, Malaysia

Spencer Empading, Sanggin and Neilson Ilan, Mersat and Wong, Swee Kiong and Mohamad Suhaidi, Salleh and Mohd. Azizul Hafiz, B. Jamain and Ahi, Sarok and Peter, Songan (2016) Natural Resources and Indigenous People’s Livelihood Strategies: A Case Study of Human Communities in the Headwaters of Engkari River, Sri Aman, Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Business and Economics, 7 (2). pp. 243-249. ISSN 2155-7950

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Abstract

This paper discusses the livelihood strategies and the environment in which the Iban of Rumah Jaong of the headwaters of Engkari River survives on and the challenges faced by its residents. The livelihood of the small Iban community depends on the natural resources for survival. Rivers serve as the source of food, domestic water supply and means of transportation. Forests, on the other hand, serve as source of food, timber and building materials, and to a lesser extent, as a people’s hunting ground. To many outsiders, life in the headwaters of Engkari River is easily perceived as difficult and very challenging. However, for the local residents of a community living in the interior and remote part of Sarawak, such as in headwaters of Engkari river, life is considered ‘normal’ where the practice of mixed farming consisting of shifting cultivation of hill rice and with small plots of rubber and/or pepper garden seems sufficient to sustain the people’s livelihood, at least for now.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: livelihood strategies; natural resources; Iban; indigenous, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 05:54
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2016 02:38
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13690

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