Fundamental study on the effect of alkaline treatment on natural fibers structures and behaviors

Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri, and Elammaran Jayamani, and Sinin Hamdan, and Md Rezaur Ezaur Rahman, and Kokheng Soon, and Akshay Kakar, (2016) Fundamental study on the effect of alkaline treatment on natural fibers structures and behaviors. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (14). pp. 8759-8763. ISSN 18196608

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Abstract

In composites, chemical treatment caused better adhesion interface between fibers and polymer. Thus, in this research, alkaline treatment was performed on jute and kenaf fibers in an alkaline solution containing 5wt % sodium hydroxide diluted with distilled water, at room temperature for 30 minutes. The pH levels of the alkaline solution were maintained approximately at pH 11 to pH 12. The untreated and treated fibers were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the range of 4000 cm-1 to 400 cm-1. It is found out that change in the structure and the removal of outer cell layers, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, waxes and other impurities during the alkaline treatment that affected the improvement on the adhesion interface between fibers and polymer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, natural fiber, alkaline treatment, composites, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 17:21
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 17:21
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13516

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