Assessing dengue outbreak areas using vector surveillance in north east district, Penang Island, Malaysia

Ahmad, Mohiddin and Zairi, Jaal and Asmalia, Md Lasim and Hamady, Dieng and Wan Fatma, Zuharah (2015) Assessing dengue outbreak areas using vector surveillance in north east district, Penang Island, Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 5 (11). pp. 869-876. ISSN 2222-1808

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Abstract

Objective To understand the efficacy of ovitrap surveillance and its implementation on monitoring reflection upon case occurrence in relation to climate variables. Methods We used routinely setup ovitrap surveillance to monitor the mosquito populations in previous outbreak areas. Ovitraps were installed weekly at three localities that experienced high number of dengue cases (Flat Hamna, Kampung Sungai Gelugor and Kampung Tanjung Tokong) from January 2010 to February 2011. Ovitraps and paddles were brought back to the laboratory and all of the water contents were poured into an enamel pan. Aged tap water was added into the enamel pan and eggs were allowed to hatch. The hatching larvae were counted after 3 days. The hatched larvae were identified at the 3rd instar larval stage. The ovitrap indices and mean number of larvae were analyzed using student t-test and One-way ANOVA. Spearmen's rank correlation coefficient was used to determine the relation between meteorology variables and dengue fever cases. Results Aedes albopictus was found as dominant species followed by Aedes aegypti recorded in all three study areas. Aedes aegypti preferred to breed outdoor with larvae collection, which was higher than indoor (72.37%). There was a positive correlation between the ovitrap index with the rainfall and humidity except in Kampung Tanjung Tokong. Our result also showed negative correlation between temperature and ovitrap index in all localities. Conclusions This study provides useful data to be adapted in dengue vector management. It is very important to understand the fluctuation of vector population according to the seasonal activity, which can help us to improve our control programs. However, other factors might also contribute to the increment of dengue outbreak such as the number of available breeding sites, behavior of the vector against environmental factors and the cleanliness of the environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aedes; Dengue; Mosquito; Ovitrap; Surveillance, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2016 23:20
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2017 02:04
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13066

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