Photocatalytic treatment technology for palm oil mill effluent (POME) – A review

Alhaji, M.H. and Sanaullah, K. and Lim, S.-F. and Khan, A. and Hipolito, C.N. and Abdullah, M.O. and Bhawani, S.A. and Jamil, T. and UNSPECIFIED (2016) Photocatalytic treatment technology for palm oil mill effluent (POME) – A review. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 102. pp. 673-686. ISSN 0957-5820

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Abstract

This review provides insight into various techniques utilized for the treatments of palm oil mill effluents (POME). Generally, POME treatment is achieved in two ways, these are (1) pre-treatment stages, involving majorly the reduction of oil and grease and suspended matter and (2) an advanced treatment stage, in which wastewater contaminants (e.g. BOD5, COD) are reduced to standard discharge limits. Different methods utilized in the treatment of POME such as coagulation-flocculation, anaerobic, aerobic and membrane technology are explained fully and recent trends in their advancement and improvement are outlined. Though, various pilot or industrial scale treatment plants have been reported in scientific literature for POME treatments methods such as anaerobic, aerobic and membrane technology, the literature is still scarce for application of photocatalytic degradation technology to POME treatment as the technology is still in development stage and has not been fully utilized on an industrial scale in palm oil mill industries. This is mainly as a result of inadequate investigation involving POME degradation. The review presented here is focused on photocatalytic degradation technology and reflects published outcomes with the aim of offering the technique as an attractive and sustainable process units. Also the potential of the process to replace some of the well-known separation and degradation technologies has been highlighted at advanced treatment stage for POME.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil mill effluent; Photocatalysis; Photocatalytic degradation; Reactor configuration; Titanium-dioxide; Treatment techniques, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2016 22:39
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 07:57
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/12825

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