Optimism and consumption: Psychological costs of Malaysia-Sulu dispute

Rayenda Khresna, Brahmana, and Simon, Kopong, and Ritzky Karina, Brahmana, (2015) Optimism and consumption: Psychological costs of Malaysia-Sulu dispute. Economics and Sociology, 8 (4). pp. 225-239. ISSN 2071789X

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Abstract

This research aims to examine the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between psychological cost and consumption level during disputes. Psychometric-based questionnaire was developed and distributed in March 2013 to find Sabahan had severe symptoms of stress. This stress level induced the consumption level and also leisure cost in attempts to overcome the dispute. Interestingly, those Sabahans who were more inclined to optimism-might rethink their consumption/spending decision making. In other words, there is a moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between stress level and consumption during disputes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stress Level; Optimism; Consumption; Dispute; Sabah Malaysia, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Saman
Date Deposited: 20 May 2016 06:39
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2016 07:37
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/12111

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