Distribution of fruit trees at different elevations at Mount Singai, Bau, Sarawak, Malaysia

Andrew Alek, Tuen and Louisa, McLellan and Alexander, K Sayok and Joanna, McLellan (2011) Distribution of fruit trees at different elevations at Mount Singai, Bau, Sarawak, Malaysia. In: Konferensi Antaruniversiti Se Borneo-Kalimantan, Universitas PalangkaRaya, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Singai Bidayuhs (BiSingai) once settled on Mount Singai, Bau district, Sarawak in eight villages about 230 meters up the mountain. Since their farms were located downhill, they had to commute between their farms and their mountain villages. Along the trails there are fruit trees and other cash crops, resulting in a mosaic of forests types while areas further up the mountain have been left undisturbed. An inventory of the fruit trees was made along a trail that lead from the foothill to the top of Mout Singai, passing through the old mountain village, to determine if the occurrence of fruit trees followed a particular pattern or not. Sampling was carried out in the 16 plots established earlier for the tree/timber survey, each plot measured 50 meters away from the trail and 10 meters wide. A total of 254 fruit trees from 12 different families were recorded. The fruit trees along the route to the farm land occurred most frequently nearer to the trail (within 10 meters) than further away from the trail. In general the distribution of fruit trees decreases with increasing elevation and becomes rare at elevations 425-557 m (plots 13-16) where only 2 fruit trees were found. The majority of the fruit trees surveyed were found at the site of the abandoned village and at the foothill. In terms of distribution, the Meliaceae family with 98 individuals is the dominant family while the family Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae and Flacourticeae is the least with only 1 individual each. This study showed that the cultivation habits of the BiSingai affects the distribution of fruit trees on Mount Singai and that the number of fruit trees decreases with distance from trail.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fruit trees, old settlement, Singai, Bau District, Sarawak, Malaysia, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 04 May 2016 02:23
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 02:23
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/11783

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