Optimisation of biodegradation conditions for cyanide removal by Serratia marcescens strain AQ07 using one-factor-at-a-time technique and response surface methodology behavior

Kabiru Ibrahim, Karamba and Siti Aqlima, binti Ahmad and Azham, Zulkharnain and Mohd Arif, Syed and Khalilah, Abdul Khalil and Nor Aripin, Shamaan and Farrah Aini, Dahalan and Mohd Yunus, Shukor (2016) Optimisation of biodegradation conditions for cyanide removal by Serratia marcescens strain AQ07 using one-factor-at-a-time technique and response surface methodology behavior. Rendiconti Lincei, 27 (3). pp. 533-545. ISSN 1720-0776

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Abstract

Gold mining companies are known to use cyanide to extract gold from minerals. The indiscriminate use of cyanide presents a major environmental issue. Serratia marcescens strain AQ07 was found to have cyanidedegrading ability. Optimisation of biodegradation condition was carried out utilising one factor at a time and response surface methodology. Cyanide degradation corresponded with growth rate with a maximum growth rate of 16.14 log cfu/mL on day 3 of incubation. Glucose and yeast extract are suitable carbon and nitrogen sources. Six parameters including carbon and nitrogen sources, pH, temperature, inoculum size and cyanide concentration were optimised. In line with the central composite design of response surface methodology, cyanide degradation was optimum at glucose concentration 5.5 g/L, yeast extract 0.55 g/L, pH 6, temperature 32.5 �C, inoculum size 20 % and cyanide concentration 200 mg/L. It was able to stand cyanide toxicity of up to 700 mg/L, which makes it an important candidate for bioremediation of cyanide. The bacterium was observed to degrade 95.6 % of 200 mg/L KCN under the optimised condition. Bacteria are reported to degrade cyanide into ammonia, formamide or formate and carbon dioxide, which are less toxic by-products. These bacteria illustrate good cyanide degradation potential that can be harnessed in cyanide remediation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodegradation, Cyanide, One factor at a time (OFAT), Response surface methodology (RSM), Serratia marcescens, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2016 03:43
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2016 04:15
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/11464

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