Polyvinyl Alcohol/Silica/Clay Composites: Effect Of Clay On Surface Morphology And Thermo-Mechanical Properties

Lai, Josephine Chang Hui and Md. Rezaur, Rahman and Sinin, Hamdan (2016) Polyvinyl Alcohol/Silica/Clay Composites: Effect Of Clay On Surface Morphology And Thermo-Mechanical Properties. Jurnal Teknologi, 78 (1). pp. 45-53. ISSN 2180–3722

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Abstract

A simplified route towards the synthesis of polyvinyl alcohol/silica/clay (PVA-SiO2-clay) composites was presented. PVA-SiO2-clay composites were prepared via solution intercalation method. All the composites were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), adsorption isotherm (BET), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), tensile test and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). FTIR spectrum indicated that PVA-SiO2-clay composites especially clay (1.28E) loaded composites had much less transmittance percentage compared to pure PVA and others clay composites. The SEM revealed that the interfacial bonding between PVA-SiO2 and clay (1.28E) was much better than others clay loaded composites which was reflected in adsorption isotherm. The BET result also showed high specific surface area with low diameter of pore size of the composites. The thermal stability of PVA-SiO2-clay (1.28E) composites was the highest and it had higher activation energy due to the strong bonding between the trimethyl stearyl ammonium with both PVA-SiO2. The XRF result showed that clay (1.28E) loaded composites contained significant high percentage of Si which confirmed the presence of Si-O-Si stretching vibration while the high percentage of K proved the clay mineral content in the composite. Clay (1.28E) enhanced the tensile strength and modulus of PVA-SiO2-clay composites among all the composites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyvinyl alcohol/silica/clay composites, FTIR, SEM, TGA, XRF, BET, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 01:43
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2016 07:09
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/11379

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