Assessment of Heavy Metals in Water, Sediment, and Fishes of a Large Tropical Hydroelectric Dam in Sarawak, Malaysia

Siong, Fong Sim and Teck, Yee Ling and Lee, Nyanti and Norliza, Gerunsin and Yiew, Ee Wong and Liang, Ping Kho (2016) Assessment of Heavy Metals in Water, Sediment, and Fishes of a Large Tropical Hydroelectric Dam in Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Chemistry, 2016. ISSN 2090-9071

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Abstract

Bakun Hydroelectric Dam in Sarawak is one of the world highest concrete rock filled dams.This paper reports the heavy metals concentrations in water, sediment, and fishes of Bakun Dam.Water and sediment samples were collected from11 stations and 6 fish species were caught. The samples were digested with open acid digestion and the metals contents were analysed using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer and mercury analyser. The method was validated based on certified reference materials. A higher concentration of Fe andMn was detected in downstreamwater with significant longitudinal variation. Cu, Zn, andHg were present in trace amount. All elements analysed were consistently found in sediment with no risk of contamination. For fish, Hemibagrus planiceps was characterised by higher affinity for Hg accumulation. The concentrations detected in all fish species were within the permissible guideline of 0.5mg/kg. The health risk assessment suggested that Barbonymus schwanenfeldii, Puntioplites waandersii, Cyclocheilichthys apogon, and Hemibagrus planiceps were characterised by hazard index > 1 implying possible adverse effects.The amount of fish recommended for adults and children was in the range of 500–775 g/week and 33–135 g/week, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bakun Hydroelectric Dam, Heavy Metals, Water Sediment, reservoirs, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 01:28
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 01:18
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/11377

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