Applications of GIS and Remote Sensing In The Hydrological Study Of The Upper Bernam River Basin, Malaysia

Sai, Hin Lai and M.S.M., Amin and Puong, Ling Law and Mah, Yau Seng (2008) Applications of GIS and Remote Sensing In The Hydrological Study Of The Upper Bernam River Basin, Malaysia. The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia, 69 (1). ISSN 0126-513X

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Abstract

Rising concern over the degradation of the environment, such as erosion and sediment loads, warrants the integration of the complex and dispersed geographical data sets. This paper describes the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) and remote sensing for assessing the impact of land use changes to water turbidity in multiple watersheds. In this study, necessary data sets representing land uses, hydrology, weather, soils, elevation, and surface characteristics were integrated in a GIS in tabular, vector and grid formats. The land use maps that were derived from Landsat-5 TM imagery using a combination of different classification strategies gave an average accuracy of 95 %. Results from data analysis had shown that there exists a close relationship existed between the extent of open area and sedimentation loading rate. However, the sediment loading rates were found to be non-linear ranging from 1.47 to 2.13 tonnes per millimeter of rainfall for each kilometer-square increase of open areas, depending on their location of open areas with respect to factors such as availability of sediment, soil type, slope length, and slope steepness etc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: GIS, Remote Sensing, River Basin, Sediment Load, Sedimentation, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2016 06:17
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2016 06:17
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/11086

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