Quantity and quality of household wastewater in Kuching, Sarawak

Ling, Teck Yee and Lee, Nyanti and Siew, Tuck-Fatt (2005) Quantity and quality of household wastewater in Kuching, Sarawak. In: Paper presented at Proceedings of the International Conference on Natural Resources and Environmental Management 2005, Kuching, Sarawak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In Kuching City, individual septic tank is the most common form of sewerage system for most of the residential areas whereby effluents are discharged into municipal storm drains. However, little is known about the contribution of household wastewater towards river water quality degradation. In this study, key pollutant concentrations and loadings were investigated during the dry season at two housing areas. Results indicated that mean per capita wastewater flowrate (82.5 l/c/d) was about one third of the water consumption rate (222.1 l/c/d). Dissolved oxygen concentration ranged from 1.38 to 4.22 mg/l. Mean pollutant loadings of BOD5, phosphate, and nitrate were found to be 1,825 mg/c/d, 519 mg/c/d, and 3.3 mg/c/d respectively. With the population of 35, 750 from the two housing areas, it is estimated that the mean daily contribution of BOD5, phosphate, and nitrate are 62.9 kg, 18.8 kg and 115 g respectively. In order to minimize pollution, it is recommended that pollution control at source be implemented.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS
Uncontrolled Keywords: wastewater, household, domestic, water quality, 2005, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, universiti, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, undergraduate, research
Subjects: A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2014 08:33
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 06:35
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/1046

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